You have probably heard of gingivitis; it’s the earliest stage of periodontal disease, or gum disease. Gingivitis is a mild inflammation of the gum tissues around teeth. If not treated properly, gingivitis can advance into periodontitis or advanced periodontitis. Fortunately, our Denver dentists offer comprehensive periodontal care.
Gingivitis is caused by the failure to adequately remove plaque and tartar from the gumline. Irregular or incorrect brushing technique, combined with a failure to receive timely professional cleanings is often what leads to gingivitis developing. The unremoved plaque and tartar is host to harmful oral bacteria that grow by feeing on starches left over in the mouth after eating and drinking. As the bacteria grow, tooth enamel erodes and gum tissues break down from the release of harmful acid by-products from the thriving bacteria.
If left untreated, gingivitis can develop into a more serious stage of periodontal disease called periodontitis. In this stage, gum tissues pull away from teeth and develop deep periodontal “pockets.” These gaps between your gum tissue and teeth create a perfect hiding spot for additional oral bacteria. This pocket protects the bacteria from being reached by normal brushing and flossing techniques. If still left untreated, periodontal disease can further progress into advanced periodontitis. This critical stage involves infection spreading to other supportive structures within your mouth, such as the teeth and bone tissues.
Luckily, our doctors can treat periodontal disease at each stage. The sooner treatment is sought, the quicker your mouth can heal. By treating out-of-control oral bacteria as soon as possible, you can reduce the amount of damage they incur on your gums and other supportive tissues.